Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #1: Paul Baumer as Representative of the “Lost Generation" in “All Quiet on the Western Front". Paul Baumer is an icon for the. B. Throughout his novel, All Quiet on the. Western Front, author Erich Maria Remarque reveals his belief that war is brutal, inglorious, and unnecessary. Comparison of Lord of The Flies and All Quiet on The Western Front An author's view of human behavior is often reflected in their works. The novels All Quiet on.
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Moreover, Remarque also examines the gap in age and power enlarged by war; he illustrates the war as ultimate betrayal of the older generation of the younger. Paul and the men of his age joined the war under the heavy pressure of people whom they trusted as authority figures. They believe these people to be their leaders and guide them to maturity instead of sending them to the death with empty slogans of patriotic duty Ian West Wall.
As the story goes on Paul begins to realize much how the older generation has betrayed them. These lines conclude that it is time for him to decide, and for his comrades to see what is actually good and what is actually bad, as they cannot have faith in the older anymore. Paul feels bewildered and betrayed about whom to trust.
Because of war and awful condition of the trenches, the class fellows, who are still alive, suffer a lot. The older generation wanted the younger generation to be in war, to make their country much better than others. It is not the war in which soldiers fight for freedom or something good for their country.
It strikes them that they fight for the self-importance of the country. Ideals of nationalism are the reason why the older generation is willing to sacrifice young men for. Seeing all the suffering at war, Paul understands that the true enemies are the people in his country who want and make them fight for such ideals. Having understood everything, Paul and friends killed to stay alive. When there is a talk about enemies between Paul and his friends, they do not wish to speak about the soldiers on the opposite side.
Instead of it, they focus their attention on their antipathy to Kantorek and Himmelstoss. This character depicts nationalism, and the strange ideology of blind dedication to the country which captured Europe before and during the First World War.
His patriotic slogans and bullying inspired Paul and his class fellows to go to fight. When Paul sees Kantorek be enlisted in the war, he felt revenged. At least, now Kantorek is to fight and probably die for the war which he actively helped promote. Himmelstoss, like Kantorek, is in a few scenes, but he is also an important representative figure.
Through humiliating people he domineers over the others. It was these authority figures who sent them to war with disastrously faulty chimeras that they come across when they set off on a wonderful journey to struggle for dignity and fame. They start to see all the soldiers at the front, who were made to fight, in spite of their origin, as sufferers.
During the meeting with Russian prisoners, Paul could not believe that these people are all his enemies. He understands that only the words of his leaders make them enemies. Paul muses about the ways of humble men like Corporal Himmelstoss turning into such horrendous bullies. Kat makes a speech on influence of power over man.
At this Tjaden arrives with a wonderful news: Himmelstoss is sent to the frontline, where they stay. This leads to an even sweeter memory. Four friends had developed a plan of revenge and carried it out brilliantly: While they are passing by a house near the road, Paul overhears geese and hints Kat about a candidate for frying.
They arrive to the artillery positions. Shots are thundering; recruits are scared and Kat, hiding his own unease, lectures them about sounds of different missiles. The company goes on with their task, while the bombardment continues. They finish putting the wire long before their lorries return, so Paul even manages to get some sleep, but soon awakes with a jolt. Cries of wounded soldiers are heard from a nearby site, which had several direct hits.
Soon the nightmarish cries of horses join them. Detering is furious and shouts to somebody to shoot them and stop their suffering, but attendants have to care for people first. Detering even tries to shoot one horse but Kat stops him, for he can shoot a soldier instead. At last all wounded horses are shot. A new attack begins. Soldiers run for shelter to a cemetery. Paul hides under a splintered coffin. Kat joins him soon, shouting about the gas.
Now there are four men together, Paul, Kat, Albert and someone else. They are in their gas-masks and think about crawling outside.
Explosion brings a coffin flying at them, falling on the hand of the fourth man. They try to free him and prevent him from taking his mask off.
They are successful: When the attack ends, the cemetery is a complete mess of soil, coffins and corpses.
The fourth soldier, the same newcomer whom Paul protected not long ago, is badly wounded and would be dead in several excruciating days. Kat even suggests that they should shoot him. Five killed and eight wounded; soldiers return to their barracks under the morning rain.
Chapter 5 starts with lice-killing in quiet setting. At this moment Himmelstoss arrives and desperately tries to start a conversation with his former recruits but fails. Tjaden, steaming with fury, says all he thinks about Corporal and even moons him. Himmelstoss is quick to inform on anyone, so, when he threatens them with tribunal, friends recommend Tjaden to hide somewhere.
The confrontation with Himmelstoss ends in the evening, when Lt. That night Kat and Paul implement their plan for goose frying. After a rather comical scene of goose abduction, involving fighting with two gees at once, confrontation with a dog and miraculous escape, the scene of cooking the prey follows.
The goose is large, so they bring generous portions to Kropp and the ever hungry Tjaden. In Chapter 6 there are rumors about a possible offensive. The British had strengthened their artillery. Everyone is in morose mood, for in two hours after their descend in trenches, several German missiles hit them, due to wear of gun barrels. Paul recalls his narrow escape of death between two foxholes several months ago. Trenches are infested with rats. After several unsuccessful attempts to save their bread, Detering proposes an ambush with shovels.
This works and rats retreat somewhere. Next day makes everyone even more anxious, for a good portion of cheese was supplied. When rum follows, this means trouble. Several days pass before barrage starts. Men gradually become deaf. Barrage prevents cooks from food delivery.
Two attempts to bring some food fail, even Kat is incapable of anything. Now there is nothing but to wait and hope to survive. In the morning rats flood the trench, so everyone tries to kill them. Later an officer crawls in, carrying a loaf of bread — somebody was successful in raid for food. One of recruits panics and runs from the trench in spite of all efforts of older soldiers to keep him in place.
He dies immediately. A short attack follows. Germans capture some French positions, take a short rest and consume food supplies. At night Paul is on his sentry duty, recalling beloved places of his childhood. Melancholy overcomes him, but when his shift ends, all his thoughts are about a hot meal. Day by day attacks and counter-attacks follow each other. Dead are left without burial, they are just too many. At nights, when everything is quiet, souvenir hunters go to collect copper bands from missiles and small pieces of parachute silk.
Paul mentions butterflies and larks who continue their tiny lives in spite of war. Young soldiers arrive, this means more work instead of help, because their lack of experience makes them easy targets; veterans try to teach and protect them, but anyway they are dying like flies, five to ten per one killed veteran. During one of attacks, Paul meets Himmelstoss and notes that his nemesis did not join the attack with others. After all, he kicks Corporal outside and a passing lieutenant shouts at them to join the attacking forces.
This brings Himmelstoss to his senses and he runs with others, even outrunning them. Haie Westhus is killed, same as many others. Only thirty two men of one hundred and fifty have survived. Himmelstoss offers an olive branch in the form of two pounds of sugar and half pound of butter specially for Tjaden. Paul develops a kinder attitude for Corporal; he saw Himmelstoss helping to carry the wounded Haie Westhus.
An outside observer can think that they are tough-skinned and indifferent to all happening around, but they feel everything and forget nothing. Paul and Albert find an old theatre poster and are stunned by the look of a pictured girl. For them she is a creature from another world.
Their quarters are located near a channel. While friends are swimming there in the evening, they spot three women on the other side and flirt with them, using broken French language.
In the night, three bold adventurers, except for Tjaden whom they got drunk, are swimming to the other bank, keeping promised food and cigarettes in their boots above the water. They arrive to the girls, dripping and wearing nothing but boots. A nice supper and love making follows. This means six weeks away from the front, so everybody envies him. Paul buys his comrades a drink and leaves.
Emotions are rarely shown in his family but Paul feels their quiet joy at his arrival and is weakened by his own feelings. During vacation, Paul prefers wearing civilian clothes. He is not too communicative, because everybody wants to talk to him about war.
Paul acknowledges that he underwent a tremendous change during last year. He tries to return to his favorite books and occupations but fails, as he is a completely different person now. At last, he goes to barracks to visit his old friend, Milttelstaedt, and, to his amusement, finds Kantorek in militia troops.
The vacation is nearing its end. Depressed and regretting his coming home, Paul heads to the training camp. In Chapter 8 Paul is at his retraining. The habitual atmosphere and fresh air of autumn forest cheer his mind. There is a large camp of Russian prisoners of war nearby, so Paul observes them with curiosity, watching his enemies at close distance.
His sister and father visit him, telling that his mother is in the hospital, awaiting for operation. They give him potato cakes and jam made by his mother. When they leave, Paul decides to give cakes to Russians, but realizes that his mother was weak and probably in pain while cooking them, so he saves cakes for the next time and gives Russians only two of them. They share the remaining potato cakes and jam. After the inspection ends, new tunics are returned wherever they belong to.
Paul volunteers to go at night patrol and is paralyzed by fear. He finds a hiding place and decides to wait. The enemy attack is repulsed and just as Paul is going to leave and join to his comrades, a body falls on him. He strikes it with a small dagger, and the body collapses. Paul cannot leave, pinned down with a machine-gun fire. The French dies and Paul is forced to spend a complete day and night with his corpse. He even speaks to it, in a momentary fit of madness.
At last, Paul gets a chance to return and tries to reach his trench. Kat and Albert meet him and give him some food. Only the next morning he finds the strength to tell them what happened. They calm him down, for such cases are common enough. At this they observe snipers shooting at enemy positions methodically and without any visible emotions, except for pride at a good hit. They are seven: While Paul mourns the death of Haie, these are the last happy moments in the novel.
They make their shelter in a concrete cellar as comfortable as possible, stacking mattresses, blankets and a demountable mahogany bed with canopy. While surveying the territory, Paul and Kat find two suckling pigs and throw a feast on fresh meat, potato cakes and vegetables. The chimney smoke draws heavy enemy fire, but nothing can stop our heroes now, so they take turns in running to the cellar with their prizes, and Paul is the last with his cakes. Nothing is lost. The dinner slowly transfers into supper.
They even feed a small kitten who wandered into their cellar. At night they all are stricken with diarrhea, but even this cannot spoil their cheerful mood. Three weeks pass in this handmade war paradise and at last, our heroes take a reluctant leave. They take with them a generous food supply, their wonderful bed, their cat and even two red plush armchairs, found in the village.
After several days, Albert and Paul are wounded and land in dressing station. Paul bribes a sergeant-major to be kept together with Albert. They are transferred into a Catholic hospital. Amputation awaits him and he threatens to commit suicide. Albert is redirected to a special institution to get his prosthesis.
All Quiet On The Western Front as an Anti-War Novel Essay
All Quiet on the Western Front thesis essay essays The battlefield is stained with blood. Tommies are firing, bombs are dropping, and people are dieing too. All Quiet on the Western Front One of the best war novels that is read by .. The author, Erich Maria Remarque, is trying to get across to the reader that war is not . All quiet on the western front thesis - receive a % original, in our custom writing help confide your essay to qualified writers working in the company put out.