How do you write a great dissertation literature review? You need to look for themes that several authors mention and discuss the ways the. This guide will outline how to write a literature review as part of a dissertation When discussing the findings of your research, you will need to relate what you have Outlining the wider context of your literature review – where/how does your. Why do I need a literature review? When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a .
a does need review literature dissertation a
Short sentences are good as they are easier to follow. Any sentence that runs to more than three lines needs to be cut down or split. The role of your supervisor is to supervise your work. It is not to do it for you, nor to tell you how to do it. However, their academic reputation is bound up in the results of the students that they supervise so they have a vested interest in helping you to get the best possible marks.
You should therefore not feel shy or embarrassed about asking them for help if you get into difficulties, or if you need some advice. Academics tend to take a highly personal approach to supervision. Some will be prepared to spend a lot of time with you, talking about what you are planning to do by way of research and your emerging findings.
Others will have very little contact with you, apart from being prepared to read a draft of your dissertation. One final piece of advice about your supervisor: But do so as early as possible. If your university has a required format for a dissertation, and particularly if they supply a template, then use it!
Start your writing straight into the template, or format your work correctly from the start. There is very little worse than cutting and pasting your work frantically into a template 10 minutes before your submission deadline. Templates are designed to make your life easier, not harder. It is easier to do this as you go along. This will save you typing out all the names, and can also be used, with minor tweaks, for other formats.
But beware: If it looks odd, check the original source. This is likely to take longer than you think. If possible, try to find a friend or fellow-student in the same position with whom you can swap dissertations for proof-reading.
Fresh eyes are likely to spot errors much more effectively than those who already know what it should say. The international language of academic publishing is English and many universities require their students to publish their dissertations in English. If your first language is not English, this is going to be a problem because your English will almost certainly not be up to the task. You have two choices about how you approach this:. You will need to ensure that you build in sufficient time to allow someone else to read over your work.
Nobody, not even if you are paying them, is going to want to stay up all night to edit your work because you left it too late. When searching for information, remember to give preference to primary research. Determining which literature is relevant to your research is challenging. The goal of a literature review is to gather a representative collection of the most pertinent material.
It is important to accurately document how the material is collected so that others using the same procedure will be able to find the same information. The dissertation literature review is somewhat similar to a major term paper. In order to construct an effective review, you must maintain a coherent and logical progression of ideas.
To that end, you might write the title, author s , and date of each study you wish to include on small index cards. Then summarize the main results of the study in a single sentence. Use these cards to create "reference piles" corresponding to specific sections of the dissertation literature review. The next stages of the dissertation literature review are: There are a number of ways you can organize your dissertation literature review.
The three most common are: Literature reviews can be quantitative or qualitative. A quantitative review documents the importance of the research problem at the beginning of the study, supports the theory or explanation used in the study, foreshadows the research questions, and explains the results of other studies. Two common types of quantitative literature reviews are narrative reviews and meta-analyses. A qualitative literature review documents the importance of the research problem at the beginning of the study, does not foreshadow the research questions, and is used to compare and contrast with other studies.
No matter what type and format of dissertation literature review you choose, you must avoid some common mistakes researchers often make, such as:.
Writing a literature review is one of the most complicated and time-consuming components of the thesis writing process. You must start early and leave yourself ample time for revision. There is nothing worse than submitting a thesis literature review that is riddled with spelling and grammatical errors. If you need a second pair of eyes, send your literature review to our dissertation and thesis editors for their critical revisions. Consider using a table, matrix or concept map to identify how the different sources relate to each other.
Analyse the literature you have found In order for your writing to reflect strong critical analysis, you need to evaluate the sources. For each source you are reviewing ask yourself these questions: What are the key terms and concepts? How relevant is this article to my specific topic? What are the major relationships, trends and patterns? How has the author structured the arguments? How authoritative and credible is this source? What are the differences and similarities between the sources?
Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? Write the review Start by writing your thesis statement. This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting. Like essays, a literature review must have an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Structure of a literature review Introduction Your introduction should give an outline of why you are writing a review, and why the topic is important the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed the criteria used for your literature selection e.
Body paragraphs Each body paragraph should deal with a different theme that is relevant to your topic. The body could include paragraphs on: Conclusion Your conclusion should give a summary of: Checklist for a literature review Have I: Academic honesty What is academic honesty at QUT?
How to... carry out a literature review for a dissertation or research paper
Before you begin searching for literature, you need a narrowly defined topic. If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or Does the research use established frameworks or take an innovative approach?. In your review of literature you are expected to do the following: The way you present the evidence or material in the Literature Review needs to show that you . All literature reviews should be more than a mere description of the current state of knowledge of an area, and should critically evaluate the theoretical positions.