Literature Review: Conducting & Writing. This guide will provide research and writing tips to help students complete a literature review. *This sample paper was adapted by the Writing Center from Key, K.L., Rich, C., Use of Propofol and Emergence Agitation in Children: A Literature Review. A student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and Next she decided upon the order of the paragraphs in the paper: Martin.
review paper literature sample
Parents had no involvement. Another limitation is that the controls were chosen from the whole group after screening by having a score below moderate depression. The controls themselves may not be absolutely free from depression. It would be better to show the connections between the ideas of the different studies. This would make the organization of the paper clearer to the reader and would stress the similarities and differences between the studies.
With more than two authors, use all of the names in the first citation. Discusses findings and how they relate to the hypothesis. This is much more common in APA style. This sentence would be clearer as two separate sentence Explains how the findings contradict the hypothesis.
Adolescent Depression 5 Next, the topic of attachment in relation to adolescent depression is addressed using a hypothetical model. In the research article by Milne and Lancaster , they investi- gate the processes that are related to depression. The main focus was to create a model that included parent representations, parent attachment, peer attachment, separation-indi- viduation, interpersonal concerns, and self-critical concerns and demonstrate how, when combined, they can predict symptoms of depression in adolescents.
The sample consisted of 59 females, ages , from secondary schools. It is predicted that past parenting will be related to attachment felt to parent currently, that maternal control and care will be related to attachment and the process of separation-individuation, that adolescent attach- ment will be directly related to parent attachment The results indicate that female adolescent symptoms of depression are explained by interpersonal concerns, self-critical concerns, parent and peer attachment, perceived parenting, and separation-individuation.
The results indicate that female adolescents are more vulnerable to depressive symptoms if the have low levels of maternal care, expe- rience feelings of guilt, dependence, and self-criticism, and have poor parent and peer attachments. Both maternal care and control predicted parent attachment.
In regards to this finding, too much maternal care predicts high levels of depression. One limitation of this study is that shorter versions of some measure had to be used due to the time constraints mandated by the school. Another limitation to the study is that the focus is on females and the relationships they have with their mothers. Good connection with other study that was discussed earlier. More of this would make the paper flow better and be easier to see the connections between ideas.
In this sentence, the commas are not necessary. Adolescent Depression 6 Next, the topic of attachment in relation to adolescent depression is addressed by testing factors related to attachment. In the research article by Muris, Messters, Melick, and Zwambag , it is hypothesized that adolescents who considered themselves securely attached on the initial measure would have higher scores of trust and communication and lower scores of alienation than ambivalent or avoidant attached adolescents.
Also, it is predicted that adolescents who identify themselves as insecurely attached will display higher levels of depressive symptoms and anxiety disorders than securely attached adolescents. Furthermore, trust and communication would be negative correlated with depression and anxiety and positively correlated alienation.
The sample consisted of , female and male, years old. The tests were administered during class time with a teacher or research assistant always pres- ent. The results support both predictions made by the authors, with the exception that communication was only correlated with adolescent depression scores Muris, et al. One limitation to the study is that it is assumed that attachment later in life is a direct result of early attachment. Another limitation to the study is whether or not categorical test like the attachment questionnaire for children is as precise as a di- mensional measure might be.
With this measure, the extent to which the adolescent displays an attachment can be measured. An apostrophe is needed here. Makes explicit connection between literature being reviewed and thesis. Adolescent Depression 7 Finally, the topic of attachment in relation to adolescent depression is addressed using a longitudinal study. In a research article by Allen, Hauser, and Borman-Spurrell , a longitudinal study investigates the effects of adolescent psychopathology on future attachment patterns.
Two questions that were addressed in this study are relevant to the main topic of this paper. First, does adolescent psychopathology that results in hospi- talization predict future insecure attachments in young adulthood?
The sample consisted of , upper middle class females and males, ages Seventy-six of the adolescents were re- cruited from a public high school; the other 66 were adolescents who had been admitted to a psychiatric hospital for severe psychopathology. Eleven years after the adolescents ere initially interviewed and tested they were reevaluated and data was compared. At the initial assessment, parents were integrated into the process.
The results indicate a significant difference between high school and previously hospi- talized young adults attachment style. Also, previously hospitalized young adults showed a lack of resolution of previous trauma and were not able to explain attachment experi- ences clearly or consistently. These results give conclusions to the import questions in the study Allen, et al.
One limitation to the study is the question of reliability of the trauma information reported by the adolescents. Another limitation to the study is the fact that all the individuals involved were from the same socio-economic status.
A comma is needed here. This sentence could be phrased more clearly. Adolescent Depression 8 Taken together, the results indicate that attachment plays an important role adolescent depression, significantly ambivalent or avoidant Allen, et al. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles.
There are two kinds of literature reviews you might write at university: The focus and perspective of your review and the kind of hypothesis or thesis argument you make will be determined by what kind of review you are writing. Analyse the structure of their arguments and note the way they address the issues.
The introduction explains the focus and establishes the importance of the subject. It may provide background or history. It concludes with a purpose or thesis statement. If the review is preliminary to your own thesis or research project, its purpose is to make an argument that will justify your proposed research. Therefore, it will discuss only that research which leads directly to your own project. If the review is an introduction to your own research, it highlights gaps and indicates how previous research leads to your own research project and chosen methodology.
If the review is a stand-alone assignment for a course, it should suggest any practical applications of the research as well as the implications and possibilities for future research.
Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches Call Number: E9 P36 Main Collection - LB B66 The Literature Review: Six Steps to Success Call Number: M33 H E9 G57 How to do a Research Report: R Understanding Research Methods: An Overview of the Essentials Call Number: B75
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 5. The Literature Review
This section offers a sample literature review, written by an undergraduate like to add to the paper, send us an e-mail at [email protected] and. The main focus of an academic research paper is to develop a new argument, and a research paper is likely to contain a literature review as one of its parts. Example of literature reviews from Helen M. Paterson (), “Co-Witnesses of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on the effect of questions.