You can certainly add them to your CV. There's no general rule on how to write CVs so it's more or less personal preference. For an academic. Dec 11, The practice of undergraduate dissertation supervision is an understudied and under-resourced area of higher education. The extant research. There are two key choices you must make when you embark on your thesis: choosing a topic and choosing a supervisor.
thesis supervision bachelor
The thesis can be written as a monograph or as a compilation thesis , where the introductory chapters are called kappa , literally coat. Outside the academic community, the terms thesis and dissertation are interchangeable. A wide range of supervisory arrangements can be found in the British academy, from single supervisors more usual for undergraduate and Masters level work to supervisory teams of up to three supervisors. In teams, there will often be a Director of Studies, usually someone with broader experience perhaps having passed some threshold of successful supervisions.
The Director may be involved with regular supervision along with the other supervisors, or may have more of an oversight role, with the other supervisors taking on the more day-to-day responsibilities of supervision. In some U. At most universities, dissertation is the term for the required submission for the doctorate, and thesis refers only to the master's degree requirement.
Thesis is also used to describe a cumulative project for a bachelor's degree and is more common at selective colleges and universities, or for those seeking admittance to graduate school or to obtain an honors academic designation. These projects are called "senior projects" or "senior theses"; they are generally done in the senior year near graduation after having completed other courses, the independent study period, and the internship or student teaching period the completion of most of the requirements before the writing of the paper ensures adequate knowledge and aptitude for the challenge.
Unlike a dissertation or master's thesis, they are not as long and they do not require a novel contribution to knowledge or even a very narrow focus on a set subtopic. Like them, they can be lengthy and require months of work, they require supervision by at least one professor adviser, they must be focused on a certain area of knowledge, and they must use an appreciable amount of scholarly citations.
They may or may not be defended before a committee but usually are not; there is generally no preceding examination before the writing of the paper, except for at very few colleges. Because of the nature of the graduate thesis or dissertation having to be more narrow and more novel, the result of original research, these usually have a smaller proportion of the work that is cited from other sources, though the fact that they are lengthier may mean they still have total citations.
Specific undergraduate courses, especially writing-intensive courses or courses taken by upperclassmen, may also require one or more extensive written assignments referred to variously as theses, essays, or papers. Increasingly, high schools are requiring students to complete a senior project or senior thesis on a chosen topic during the final year as a prerequisite for graduation.
The extended essay component of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme , offered in a growing number of American high schools, is another example of this trend. Generally speaking, a dissertation is judged as to whether or not it makes an original and unique contribution to scholarship.
Lesser projects a master's thesis, for example are judged by whether or not they demonstrate mastery of available scholarship in the presentation of an idea. The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis may vary significantly among universities or programs. One of the requirements for certain advanced degrees is often an oral examination called a viva voce examination or just viva in the UK and certain other English-speaking countries.
This examination normally occurs after the dissertation is finished but before it is submitted to the university, and may comprise a presentation often public by the student and questions posed by an examining committee or jury.
In North America, an initial oral examination in the field of specialization may take place just before the student settles down to work on the dissertation. An additional oral exam may take place after the dissertation is completed and is known as a thesis or dissertation " defense ", which at some universities may be a mere formality and at others may result in the student being required to make significant revisions.
The result of the examination may be given immediately following deliberation by the examiners in which case the candidate may immediately be considered to have received his or her degree , or at a later date, in which case the examiners may prepare a defense report that is forwarded to a Board or Committee of Postgraduate Studies, which then officially recommends the candidate for the degree.
At most North American institutions the latter two verdicts are extremely rare, for two reasons. First, to obtain the status of doctoral candidates, graduate students typically write a qualifying examination or comprehensive examination, which often includes an oral defense. Students who pass the qualifying examination are deemed capable of completing scholarly work independently and are allowed to proceed with working on a dissertation.
Second, since the thesis supervisor and the other members of the advisory committee will normally have reviewed the thesis extensively before recommending the student proceed to the defense, such an outcome would be regarded as a major failure not only on the part of the candidate but also by the candidate's supervisor who should have recognized the substandard quality of the dissertation long before the defense was allowed to take place.
It is also fairly rare for a thesis to be accepted without any revisions; the most common outcome of a defense is for the examiners to specify minor revisions which the candidate typically completes in a few days or weeks. At universities on the British pattern it is not uncommon for theses at the viva stage to be subject to major revisions in which a substantial rewrite is required, sometimes followed by a new viva.
Very rarely, the thesis may be awarded the lesser degree of M. Phil Master of Philosophy instead, preventing the candidate from resubmitting the thesis.
In Australia, doctoral theses are usually examined by three examiners although some, like the Australian Catholic University and the University of New South Wales , have shifted to using only two examiners; without a live defense except in extremely rare exceptions. In the case of a master's degree by research the thesis is usually examined by only two examiners. Typically one of these examiners will be from within the candidate's own department; the other s will usually be from other universities and often from overseas.
Following submission of the thesis, copies are sent by mail to examiners and then reports sent back to the institution. Similar to a master's degree by research thesis, a thesis for the research component of a master's degree by coursework is also usually examined by two examiners, one from the candidate's department and one from another university.
For an Honours year, which is a fourth year in addition to the usual three-year bachelor's degree, the thesis is also examined by two examiners, though both are usually from the candidate's own department. Honours and Master's theses sometimes require an oral defense before they are accepted. In Germany, a thesis is usually examined with an oral examination.
This applies to almost all Diplom , Magister , master's and doctoral degrees as well as to most bachelor's degrees. However, a process that allows for revisions of the thesis is usually only implemented for doctoral degrees. There are several different kinds of oral examinations used in practice. The Disputation , also called Verteidigung "defense" , is usually public at least to members of the university and is focused on the topic of the thesis.
In contrast, the Rigorosum is not held in public and also encompasses fields in addition to the topic of the thesis. The Rigorosum is only common for doctoral degrees. Another term for an oral examination is Kolloquium , which generally refers to a usually public scientific discussion and is often used synonymously with Verteidigung. In each case, what exactly is expected differs between universities and between faculties.
Some universities also demand a combination of several of these forms. Like the British model, the PHD or MPhil student is required to submit their theses or dissertation for examination by two or three examiners. The first examiner is from the university concerned, the second examiner is from another local university and the third examiner is from a suitable foreign university usually from Commonwealth countries. The choice of examiners must be approved by the university senate.
In some public universities, a PhD or MPhil candidate may also have to show a number publications in peer reviewed academic journals as part of the requirement. An oral viva is conducted after the examiners have submitted their reports to the university. The oral viva session is attended by the Oral Viva chairman, a rapporteur with a PhD qualification, the first examiner, the second examiner and sometimes the third examiner.
Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses to examine their PhD or MPhil candidates. In the Philippines, a thesis is followed by an oral defense. In most universities, this applies to all bachelor, master, and doctorate degrees. However, the oral defense is held in once per semester usually in the middle or by the end with a presentation of revisions so-called "plenary presentation" at the end of each semester.
The oral defense is typically not held in public for bachelor and master oral defenses, however a colloquium is held for doctorate degrees. Typical duration for the total exam is 1 hour 30 minutes for the MSc and 3 hours for the PhD. In North America, the thesis defense or oral defense is the final examination for doctoral candidates, and sometimes for master's candidates. The examining committee normally consists of the thesis committee, usually a given number of professors mainly from the student's university plus his or her primary supervisor, an external examiner someone not otherwise connected to the university , and a chair person.
Each committee member will have been given a completed copy of the dissertation prior to the defense, and will come prepared to ask questions about the thesis itself and the subject matter. In many schools, master's thesis defenses are restricted to the examinee and the examiners, but doctoral defenses are open to the public. The typical format will see the candidate giving a short 20—minute presentation of his or her research, followed by one to two hours of questions.
At some U. A student in Ukraine or Russia has to complete a thesis and then defend it in front of their department. Sometimes the defense meeting is made up of the learning institute's professionals and sometimes the students peers are allowed to view or join in. After the presentation and defense of the thesis, the final conclusion of the department should be that none of them have reservations on the content and quality of the thesis. A conclusion on the thesis has to be approved by the rector of the educational institute.
The Diploma de estudios avanzados DEA can last two years and candidates must complete coursework and demonstrate their ability to research the specific topics they have studied. After completing this part of the PhD, students begin a dissertation on a set topic. The dissertation must reach a minimum length depending on the subject and it is valued more highly if it contains field research. Once candidates have finished their written dissertations, they must present them before a committee.
Following this presentation, the examiners will ask questions. In Hong Kong, Ireland and the United Kingdom, the thesis defense is called a viva voce Latin for "by live voice" examination viva for short.
A typical viva lasts for approximately 3 hours, though there is no formal time limit. Usually, one examiner is an academic from the candidate's own university department but not one of the candidate's supervisors and the other is an external examiner from a different university. Increasingly, the examination may involve a third academic, the 'chair'; this person, from the candidate's institution, acts as an impartial observer with oversight of the examination process to ensure that the examination is fair.
The 'chair' does not ask academic questions of the candidate. In the United Kingdom, there are only two or at most three examiners, and in many universities the examination is held in private. The candidate's primary supervisor is not permitted to ask or answer questions during the viva, and their presence is not necessary.
However, some universities permit members of the faculty or the university to attend. Engage with current or past research. See what has been done. What topics have they covered recently?
What can you add to the debate? Your research topic does not have to be specific yet. Do some brainstorming—write down 5 to 10 topics that interest you. Talk with friends and professors to see which topics are the most interesting and could provide the starting point for a strong thesis. Once you have decided on a topic, you are ready for the next step. Any graduate faculty member of the School of Hospitality Management may serve as a thesis supervisor.
A list of the current graduate faculty members is provided in the Appendix. If you work with this center as part of your thesis work, you should plan, consistent with best practice across laboratories in the College of Health and Human Development, to choose a faculty member other than personnel from the center to be your thesis supervisor. However, it is assumed you will also work closely with personnel from the center during the completion of your thesis work. There are several ways to go about choosing a thesis supervisor.
One strategy is to consider professors in whose courses you have been or are enrolled. Is your thesis topic relevant to their research interests? Once you have identified a potential thesis supervisor, you must ask him or her to advise the thesis!
This should take place during fall or spring semester of your junior year. Before approaching potential supervisors, do some brainstorming on your own. For your own use, write a brief description of your potential topics and more specific research questions.
When you meet with a potential supervisor, you do not yet need to have a definitive research question. This is something a thesis supervisor will help with. You should set up appointments to discuss the thesis with potential supervisors. Send them an email requesting a meeting to discuss the possibility that they advise your thesis. Include the description of your topic. When you have scheduled a meeting, present your potential topic and ask them if they would be interested in advising it.
If you are still working on developing your specific research question, ask for their advice or feedback on your potential research questions.
A research question is a specific problem or question within a given subject area that can be addressed within the approximate 1.
Sitewide Contact Menu. On the other hand, supervisors can play effective role in creating motivation for students for research activities. Thus, planning for promoting scientific and research climate can lead to upgrading quality and quantity of research education and research activities and dominant climate will be influenced by promoting related skills. Regarding lack of cooperation in choosing second supervisor from another university, it should be noted that though cooperation with other centers may compensate technical and scientific deficiencies in the university, other problems such as administrative bureaucracy, financial transactions and intellectual ownership ambiguity regarding research findings might be happen when there is cooperation between university and other centers.
Thus, trying problem solving in this issue requires more study and investigation. Tendency of student to pass thesis with easygoing faculties, or those who are board members or have special administrative positions may be due to considering possible opportunities offered by them, as the students may think it would be useful in increasing their opportunity for getting board or job after graduation.
It may cause inequality to select a supervisor among faculties. Lobbying with head of department in choosing supervisor was mentioned as one of problems which may have above outcomes. In positive side, head of department can direct students to choose appropriate supervisors considering their ability and working field. Unavailability of the supervisor due to having executive position or involvement in multiple activities was another problem.
According to current bylaws, occupational promotion of faculty members with executive positions is similar to other faculties; they accept students' thesis supervision despite of not having enough time. In a study in Iran, it was found that supervisors work in public and private clinics in addition to their academic activities, thus limited time is left for supervising and guiding students A research in UK showed that most students were satisfied with availability and their access to the advisor Concerning inadequate cooperation of advisors in guiding students, delegating the primary responsibility of thesis guiding to supervisor and lack of transparency of advisor's tasks in academic bylaws might be the reasons.
Explanation of related regulations may solve this problem. Setting limit for thesis number for faculties was a challenge and there was no consensus among faculties and students. Some agreed on it arguing that having limit let faculties to more focus on a thesis.
In opposite side who disagreed said that faculties with higher ability are excluded and students have to work with lower competency ones. Lack of monitoring on supervision and feedback were also mentioned which was in consistent with another study in Iran in this regard In a research from Germany, it was found that monitoring various steps of thesis process was well and provided higher publication of thesis findings To this end, establishment of supervisory committee in order to monitor supervision, quality and quantity of educational programs related to supervisory skills, performance, consider complaints and provide feedback, monitor implementation of approved guidelines and thesis progress can be considered as proper solution.
Overall it seems that reviewing, revising and developing the bylaws and regulations for improving thesis process affect other major categories including supervisory knowledge and skills, climate, and monitoring. But in order to increase implementation guarantee and promote performance quality, codifying evaluation and monitoring mechanism for regulations and bylaws seems to be necessary.
Improving scientific and research climate of university may also help to improve regulations as well as facilitate and promote monitoring programs. These study findings can be utilized considering its weak and strengths points. Participation of thesis process stakeholders, the faculties and students is strength for our study. In addition, inclusion of views of students from various levels of education is another strength point.
Analyzing views of students and faculties just in Tehran University of Medical Sciences is a limitation for this work. Our limitation in this study was difficult access to students that was graduated. Another limitation was difficulty for some students to tell about their problems, due to some considerations with regard to their supervisiors. Current study showed that despite of promoting in research filed in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, there are some problems in thesis supervision field yet.
Following strategies are suggested for problem solving and increasing the quality of thesis:. Developing evaluation mechanism to monitor the implementation of bylaws and regulations and establishing supervisory committee. Developing, planning and management in order to improve the quantity and quality of supervisory skills training. The authors would like to thank all students and faculties involved in the study, special thanks for dean's deputies for education and research. Cite this article as: Challenges for Better thesis supervision.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Med J Islam Repub Iran. Laleh Ghadirian 1. Azadeh Sayarifard 2. Reza Majdzadeh 3. Fatemeh Rajabi 4. Masoud Yunesian 5. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received May 11; Accepted Oct 2. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 3. Abstract Background: Dissertation, Research, Supervision, Iran. Introduction Promotion of training and research quality has always been the main concern for every academic system; evaluation and monitoring of which in concordance with community needs is crucial 1.
Methods This qualitative study is a part of a larger study about challenges in thesis writing process. Results Overall, 43 students and 33 faculty members took part in the study. Table 1 Main categorie and their subcategories extracted from interviews. Category Subcategory supervisory knowledge and skills lack of research knowledge and skills poor project management lack of communication knowledge and skills climate research climate lack of motivation lack of scientific and research programs lack of specific research line inter-personal interactions head of department's influence student's tendency to choose supervisor with specific position faculties' disagreement with coorporating with supervisor from out of the university Bylaws and regulations relating to supervision Unclear responsibility for thesis subject selection Limit for the number of thesis Inappropriate criteria for being supervisor Undefined tasks for supervisors Lack of supervision bylaws for evaluating supervisory of supervisors Having several executive posts by supervisors Monitoring and evaluation Lack of monitoring on bylaws lated to supervisors tasks Lack of feedback for the supervisor and advisor.
Open in a separate window. Supervisory Knowledge and Skills Supervisory knowledge and skills in thesis was one of the major categories which was extracted from "poor project management", "lack of research knowledge and skills" and "lack of communication knowledge and skills.
Climate This category includes: Bylaws and regulations relating to supervision This category was taken from the following subcategories: Monitoring and evaluation This category was extracted from "lack of monitoring on bylaws related to supervisor tasks" and "lack of feedback for the supervisor and advisor" subcategories.
Discussion This study explored challenges in thesis supervision area in the view of students and faculty members in Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Conclusion Current study showed that despite of promoting in research filed in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, there are some problems in thesis supervision field yet. Following strategies are suggested for problem solving and increasing the quality of thesis: Reviewing, revising and developing bylaws Developing evaluation mechanism to monitor the implementation of bylaws and regulations and establishing supervisory committee.
Planning for improvement of scientific and research climate. Notes Cite this article as: References 1. Reversing Iranians' age pyramid.
Tabnak newes, News code: Iranian J Publ Health. Trends in medical education, an example from a developing country. Arch Iran Med. Policy draft and policy operation guide. Safdari F, Delaram F. Causing factors on academic advance of students and professors in nursing and midwifery of Shahrekord University of medical sciences. Journal of Shahrekord University of medical sciences. Dehghani GH. Students' satisfaction and related factors of thesis process in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.
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Aug 20, As a lab citizen, you may be responsible for supervising undergraduate senior/ honors thesis projects. With all of your other work that needs to. Jun 8, His first two years went smooth as he aced his courses, passed his qualifiers and designed a realistic project with his thesis supervisor that. A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic . In the US, these committees usually consist of a primary supervisor or advisor and two or more committee members, who supervise the progress of.